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Fortigate enable interface cli

The port can be set to a port number such as port1, port2, port3, or port4. Different FortiManager models have different numbers of ports. If the interface is stopped it does not accept or send packets. If you stop a physical interface, VLAN interfaces associated with it also stop. Enter the interface IPv4 address and netmask. The IPv4 address cannot be on the same subnet as any other interface.

Enter the types of management access permitted on this interface. Separate multiple selected types with spaces. Enter the types of service access permitted on this interface.

If you want to add or remove an option from the list, retype the list as required. This example shows how to set the FortiManager port1 interface IPv4 address and network mask to Example This example shows how to set the FortiManager port1 interface IPv4 address and network mask to Enter the speed and duplexing the network port uses: full : M full-duplex half : M half-duplex 10full : 10M full-duplex 10half : 10M half-duplex auto : Automatically negotiate the fastest common speed default.

fortigate enable interface cli

Enter an alias for the interface. Variables for config ipv6 subcommand :. Allow management access to the interface.The following table shows all newly added, changed, or removed entries as of FortiOS 6. Optionally, multiple addresses can be specified for vrdst6with each entry separated by a space.

Apply traffic shaping profiles to outgoing interfaces, to enforce bandwidth limits for individual interfaces, by percentage. To configure interface-based traffic shaping, you must classify traffic in a traffic shaping policy, assign bandwidth percentages in a traffic shaping profile, and apply the traffic shaping profile as the egress traffic shaper on an interface. The administrative distance for routes learned through PPPoE or DHCP, lower distance indicates preferred route for the same destination, value between 1 to Enable or disable DHCP relay option The names of the FortiGate interfaces from which the link failure alert is sent for this interface.

The time in seconds to wait before retrying to start a PPPoE discovery, 0 to disable this feature. Enable or disable fail back to higher priority port once recovered. Once enabled, priority-override on redundant interfaces gives greater priority to interfaces that are higher in the member list. Enable or disable traffic forwarding between VLANs on this interface, default is disable.

This option is only effective in transparent mode.

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More information available in config firewall ipmacbinding setting command. Enable to always send packets from this interface to the same destination MAC address.

Use substitite-dst-mac to set the destination MAV address. Disabled by default. The destination MAC address that all packets are sent to from this interface if subst is enabled.

The interface speed. The default setting and the speeds available depend on the interface hardware. Most often speed is set to auto and the interface negotiates with connected equipment to select the best speed. You can set specific speeds if the connected equipment doesn't support negotiation.The command line interface CLI is an alternative configuration tool to the web-based manager.

While the configuration of the web-based manager uses a point-and-click method, the CLI requires typing commands or uploading batches of commands from a text file, like a configuration script.

This section also explains common CLI tasks that an administrator does on a regular basis and includes the topics:. To connect to the local console you need:.

The following procedure describes connection using Microsoft HyperTerminal software; steps may vary with other terminal emulators. You can either connect directly, using a peer connection between the two, or through any intermediary network. If your computer is not connected directly or through a switch, you must also configure the FortiGate unit with a static route to a router that can forward packets from the FortiGate unit to your computer.

You can do this using either a local console connection or the web-based manager. The CLI displays the settings, including the allowed administrative access protocols, for the network interfaces. The following procedure uses PuTTY. Steps may vary with other SSH clients. This is normal If your management computer is directly connected to the FortiGate unit with no network hosts between them.

The FortiGate unit displays a command prompt its host name followed by a. You can now enter CLI commands. Once the FortiGate unit is configured to accept Telnet connections, you can use a Telnet client on your management computer to connect to the CLI. Before you can connect to the CLI using Telnet, you must first configure a network interface to accept Telnet connections.

FortiExplorer is a standalone software solution that allows you to connect to your FortiGate device using the USB interface of your management computer. FortiExplorer provides a user-friendly tool that you can use to configure a FortiGate unit over a standard USB connection, rather than using a console cable or Ethernet connection.

You have two options for connecting to the CLI. Selecting either of these links will open a terminal emulation or command line interface in the main window pane of the FortiExplorer window.To connect to the local console you need:. The following procedure describes the connection using Microsoft HyperTerminal software; steps may vary with other terminal emulators.

You can either connect directly, using a peer connection between the two, or through any intermediary network. If your computer is not connected directly or through a switch, you must also configure the FortiGate unit with a static route to a router that can forward packets from the FortiGate unit to your computer.

You can do this using either a local console connection or the GUI. The following procedure uses PuTTY. Steps may vary with other SSH clients.

Configure interfaces.

This is normal if your management computer is directly connected to the FortiGate unit with no network hosts between them. The FortiGate unit displays a command prompt its hostname followed by a. You can now enter CLI commands.

If three incorrect login or password attempts occur in a row, you will be disconnected. If this occurs, wait one minute, then reconnect to attempt the login again. Once the FortiGate unit is configured to accept Telnet connections, you can use a Telnet client on your management computer to connect to the CLI.

Telnet is not a secure access method. Before you can connect to the CLI using Telnet, you must first configure a network interface to accept Telnet connections. Type the password for this administrator account and press Enter. Restoring the firmware utilizes a boot interrupt. Network access to the CLI is not available until after the boot process has completed, making local CLI access the only viable option.

SSH or Telnet access — Connect your computer through any network interface attached to one of the network ports on your FortiGate. The CLI console can be accessed from the upper-right hand corner of the screen and appears as a slide-out window.

To connect to the local console you need: A computer with an available serial communications COM port.

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Terminal emulation software such as HyperTerminal for Microsoft Windows. On your management computer, start HyperTerminal.

On the Connect using drop-down, select the communications COM port on your management computer you are using to connect to the FortiGate unit. Select OK. Select the following Port settings and select OK. Type a valid administrator account name such as admin and press Enter.

fortigate enable interface cli

Type the password for that administrator account and press Enter. In its default state, there is no password for the admin account.

The CLI displays the following text: Welcome! Note the number of the physical network port. Using a local console connection, connect and log into the CLI. Set Port to For the Connection typeselect SSH. Select Open. You will not be able to log in until you have accepted the key. The CLI displays a login prompt.This document describes FortiOS 6. Before now, our focus was on documenting the most commonly used CLI commands, or those commands that required more explanation.

If you have comments on this content, its format, or requests for commands that are not included, contact us at techdoc fortinet. Any new changes to commands since the release of FortiOS 6. The CLI displays an error message if you attempt to enter a command or option that is not available.

All commands are not available on all FortiGate models. For example, low-end FortiGate models do not support the aggregate interface type option of the config system interface command. Commands for extended functionality are not available on all FortiGate models. This is a departure from previous versions of the CLI Reference, which used the following criteria:. We will attempt to reintroduce the traditional formatting for all CLI commands and their syntaxes.

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Commands and options may not be available for the following reasons: FortiGate model All commands are not available on all FortiGate models.Enable FortiLink to dedicate this interface to manage other Fortinet devices. Permitted types of management access to this interface. Protocols used to detect the server. Options for detecting that this interface has failed.

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Select link-failed-signal or link-down method to alert about a failed link. Action on extender when interface fail. Names of the FortiGate interfaces to which the link failure alert is sent.

Names of the non-virtual interface. PPP authentication type to use.

fortigate enable interface cli

PPTP authentication type. Configure STP forwarding mode.

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Enable to always send packets from this interface to a destination MAC address. Interface speed. The default setting and the options available depend on the interface hardware. Bring the interface up or shut the interface down.

Interface type. Configure interface for single purpose. Enable to set a custom MTU for this interface. Data that NetFlow collects rx, tx, or both.

Time in milliseconds to wait before sending a notification that this interface is down or disconnected. Physical interfaces that belong to the aggregate or redundant interface.It is not complete nor very detailled, but provides the basic commands for troubleshooting network related issues that are not resolvable via the GUI. I am not focused on too many memory, process, kernel, etc.

fortigate enable interface cli

These must only be used if there are really specific problems. I am more focused on the general troubleshooting stuff. With Fortinet you have the choice confusion between show get diagnose execute. Not that easy to remember. Likewise the sys system keyword. Be careful with it, because this command is persistent. Set it to default after usage! Now with the -f option.

FortiGate CLI Commands for Troubleshooting

In order to copy the configuration via SCP from a backup server you must first enable the SCP protocol for the admin:. Even better, you should enable the following feature which saves a backup of your configuration after each logout automatically:.

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Use the first three to enable debugging and start the process, while the last one disables the debugging again:. Which is basically ping and traceroute. Unluckily it is shitty difficult to use those commands since you need a couple of subcommands to source pings from a different interface, and so on.

FortiGate Cookbook - Basic Firewall Policies (5.4)

Manually test a failover by decreasing the priority of the current master since highest priority wins :. Start a sync at a secondary device to from? I would like to decide which config to push to the other device.

Configure alert email settings.

The first one shows all monitored users with details concerning their LDAP groups :. If you need further debugging messages you can enable it for the Fortigate non-blocking auth daemon and the FSSO daemon:. Sniff packets like tcpdump does. Only if the built-in packet capture feature in the GUI does not meet your requirements. This can be used for investigating connection problems between two hosts. There are no details of the firewall policy decisions. Use the debug flow next paragraph for analysis about firewall policies, etc.

Examples: Thanks to the comment from Ulrich for the IPv6 example. Kudos to Joachim Schwierzeck. If you want to see the FortiGate details about a connectionuse this kind of debug.

To reset a certain VPN connection, use this Credit :. To change the IP address of the mgmt interface or any other via the CLI, these commands can be used:.